Ericsson Uses AI to Predict Covid-19 Admissions

Ericsson Uses AI to Predict Covid-19 Admissions

Foto: Ericsson

Ericsson, Telia and Sahlgrenska University Hospital will use AI and mobile network data to deliver an accurate forecasting model of near-term Covid-19 patient admissions 14-to-21 days ahead of time. Forecasting the daily number of near-term Covid-19 admissions has been a vital part of hospital planning during the pandemic.

In a recent trial, Ericsson partnered with Telia and Sahlgrenska University Hospital to develop an innovative way to reliably predict the number of near-term Covid-19 admissions. The forecasting accuracy has been evaluated by the hospital planning experts and confirmed to provide significant value.

The data-driven insights model utilizes Ericsson’s AI modeling technologies together with hospital admission data and anonymized, aggregated mobile crowd movement data from Telia. This has been a key information source in informing the forecasting models at both Sahlgrenska University Hospital and Södra Älvsborgs Hospital in Västra Götaland, Sweden.

To create the insight models, Ericsson’s AI experts first developed and tuned predictive models through a training phase to identify how each predictive model performed across various forecasting windows. Once the best performing predictive models and settings were identified by AI experts and Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Ericsson’s experts then retrained the models using all data, producing a reliable 14-to-21 day Covid-19 admissions forecast, which could be delivered every week. The predictive models are also tuned to consider external factors such as vaccination data.

The forecast indicators produced throughout the trial have been considered, combined and weighed against multiple other sources of information to form the basis of the hospitals’ Covid-19 prognoses. Other relevant indicators are the fraction of positive PCR-tests, the change in commute pattern (using data from the Västtrafik transport authority), and the change in the overall mobility in heavy-traffic areas such as shops and offices. The collaboration between the partners began in September 2020. The initiative was then expanded to include the local municipality Region Västra Götaland and Södra Älvsborgs Hospital in spring, 2021.

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