Silicon Carbide Semiconductors Make Electric Cars More Efficient

Silicon Carbide Semiconductors Make Electric Cars More Efficient

Foto: Bosch

Nowadays, all cars feature semiconductors. There are more than 50 of them in every vehicle that rolls off the production line. Bosch has developed new microchips made of silicon carbide (SiC) that will help electromobility make a great leap forward.

In the future, the chips made of this material will set the pace in the power electronics, the command center for electric and hybrid vehicles. Compared to the silicon chips used to date, SiC semiconductors have better electrical conductivity. This enables higher switching frequencies while also ensuring that much less energy is dissipated in the form of heat.

Semiconductors made of silicon carbide set new standards for switching speed, heat loss, and size. It all begins with additional carbon atoms, which are introduced into the crystalline structure of the ultra-pure silicon used to manufacture semiconductors. The chemical bond created in this way turns the semiconductor chips into real powerhouses.

Especially for applications in electric and hybrid vehicles, this means many advantages. In power electronics, they ensure that 50 percent less energy is lost in the form of heat. This saving translates into more efficient power electronics and more energy for the electric motor and therefore for the battery range. Motorists can drive 6 percent further on a single battery charge.

The reason is that the new technology also offers further potential savings down the line: the much lower heat losses of the chips, combined with their ability to work at much higher operating temperatures, mean that manufacturers can cut back on the expensive cooling of the powertrain components. That has a positive impact on electric vehicles’ weight and cost.

With this silicon carbide technology, Bosch is systematically expanding its semiconductor know-how. The company will be using the SiC semiconductors in its own power electronics in the future. For customers, this brings together the best of both worlds, as Bosch is the only automotive supplier that also manufactures semiconductors.

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